Author(s): Pejović N, Velhner Maja, Polaček V, Aleksić-Kovačević Sanja, Marinković D, Knežević Milijana
Keywords:Marek’s disease, pathohistology, immunohistochemistry, CD3, CD79
In this paper are described the macroscopic, microscopic and immunophenotypic characteristics of tumors in Marek’s disease (MD). Liver, kidneys, lungs, heart, proventriclus, ovary and nerves of sciatic plexus collected from 20 chickens aged 8 to 24 weeks were examined. Lymphoproliferative enlargement in various organs of focal and diffuse character was found. The affected organs were enlarged, compact and very brittle, irregular in shape, grayish-red or grayishwhite and of fatty consistency. Most often characteristic changes were in the spleen, liver, proventriculus and ovary that usually had a compact or ribbed, fatty cauliflower like formation, different in size. On histological examination proliferation of small and medium size lymphocytes, lymphoblast cells, Marek’s disease cells and activated reticulum cells were found. Tumor proliferates predominantly consisted of lymphoblasts and had all the characteristics of a lymphoma. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that lymphoma cells in MD are of CD3 + phenotype. In liver proliferates numerous CD79+ cells were found perivasculary, which is an interesting finding demanding further research.
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