Author(s): Nešić Ksenija, Resanović Radmila, Nešić V, Sinovec Z
Keywords:adsorbents, health, performance, pigs, zearalenone
Two trials, 31 and 29 days long, were conducted with the aim to pursue performance and health of pigs treated with different amounts of zearalenone and to investigate the feasibility of utilizing a modified clinoptilolite and esterified glucomannane in alleviating and/or preventing its harmful effects. Total of 64 pigs (32 each trial), 60 days old, divided into four groups, each containing 8 pigs were used. Both control groups (K) received feed without zearalenone, while experimental groups received feed supplemented with 3.84 mg/kg in the first trial and 5.12 mg/kg of zearalenone in the second trial. Pigs in the first experimental groups (O-I) were given feed with the toxin only. At the same time, a modified clinoptilolite (MC) in the amount of 0.2% was introduced in the contaminated feed of the second experimental groups (O-II) and an esterified glucomannane (EGM) in the amount of 0.1% in contaminated feed of the third experimental groups (O-III) of both experiments. Zearalenone exerted its negative effects on performance of pigs in concentrations used in the experiments, proportionally to the amount of toxin in the feed (weight gain was 19.86% lower in experiment I and 22.27% in experiment II, feed intake rate 5.89% lower in experiment I and 1.52% in experiment II, feed consumption ratio was higher for 14.82% in experiment I and 21.08% in experiment II). Addition of adsorbents only partially alleviated the harmful effects of zearalenone in the feed. Signs of intoxication in female pigs, known as the estrogenic syndrome, were manifested by inflammatory changes of the external genital organs (vulvovaginitis) and with histological findings of epithelial hyperplasia and submucous oedema. Also nonspecific symptoms could be seen – gastrointestinal disorders followed by diarrhea. Use of adsorbents as toxin binders mostly alleviated these negative effects.
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