Author(s): Ašanin Jelena, Aksentijević Ksenija, Zdravković N, Ašanin Ružica, Mišić D
Keywords:latex agglutination, methicillin resistance, PCR, staphylococci
For the purpose of detecting methicillin (oxacillin) resistance in staphylococcal strains, in a number of microbiological laboratories only disc diffusion method with cefoxitin and/or oxacillin discs is used. Besides this method, it is desirable to determine MIC values for cefoxitin and/or oxacillin. After examination by disc diffusion and dilution methods, latex agglutination is used for the detection of PBP2a and PCR is used for the detection of mecA gene. Use of PCR is not possible in a large number of diagnostic laboratories and as method of choice, latex agglutination test for rapid detection of PBP2a is recommended. In this investigation, as confirmatory methods, latex agglutination and PCR were used for strains that were resistant to oxacillin and/or cefoxitin by disc diffusion and broth microdilution methods. In total, 14 strains of coagulase-negative staphylococci originating from clinical specimens of cats, dogs and chicken were examined. Among isolated strains, it was established that the dominating species was Staphylococcus haemolyticus with 11 isolated strains. Other isolated species were Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus capitis and Staphylococcus vitulinus, each with one isolated strain. For all 14 strains, oxacillin MIC values ranged from 0.5 g/mL to >64 g/mL and cefoxitin MIC values ranged from 1 g/mL to >256 g/mL. Positive agglutination reaction by latex agglutination test was recorded in 13 out of 14 strains. The PCR assay for mecA gene was positive in 12 investigated strains.
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